ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY IN WOMEN’S HEALTH

ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERPAY IN WOMEN’S HEALTH

Women are more capable and independent today than in previous eras. They have redefined gender roles, claimed greater rights and freedoms for themselves and proved their full potential. However, in the process of fighting for equality and making a place for themselves, it is usually their health that gets neglected. Here are some of the benefits of physiotherapy for some of the health issues faced by women.

Women are caregivers by nature and there are many occasions when they neglect their health to help a loved one. As they get older, this neglect can lead to many health complications. Preventive health care is better than taking medicines after the health status is known. There are many medical options available like Allopathy, Ayurveda and others. Physiotherapy is one such branch of medicine that can help prevent many health issues if you follow them carefully.

A simple assessment and structured exercise program by a physiotherapist is often enough to prevent these health issues in women throughout their lifetimes, ranging from young athlete to child to woman to menopause to the elderly.

Women’s health physiotherapy includes non-surgical therapeutic treatments for various health problems affecting women. During therapy, specially designed exercises and equipment are used to help patients restore their normal physical activities.

Here are some of the benefits of physiotherapy for some of the top health issues faced by women.

Premenstrual syndrome: 

A physiotherapist assesses the physical effects on your body as well as risk factors that may affect them. Treatment may include manual therapy to relieve stress as well as associated discomfort such as headaches and constipation, resting point stimulation, kinesotapping, or electrotherapy. An important part of treatment is teaching relaxation techniques and advice on self-management and self-care.

Endometriosis: 

Endometriosis is a disorder in which the tissue that actually lines up the uterus from inside, grows outside the uterus. These tissues can be found on ovaries, fallopian tubes or intestines. Physiotherapy modalities may prove to be a fundamental treatment option for patients with endometriosis, pre and post laparoscopic surgery, especially if they experience musculoskeletal impairment. Effective physical therapy treatment options include: myofascial manual therapy, pelvic floor muscle length, trigger point release, stretching and flexibility exercise exercises, spinal mobilization, nerve glides, relaxation exercise, and behavioral modification.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:

Physiotherapists can provide a customized exercise program that will help in reducing the weight gained due to dietary changes to the storage of estrogen in adipose tissue, reducing insulin levels, and reducing carbohydrate consumption.

Heart disease:

Physical therapy can help prevent the onset of heart disease, and reduce the negative consequences of heart disease by implementing a treatment program that addresses all the factors of treatment for this disease. This may include advice for stopping smoking, an exercise program for weight management, and improving cholesterol levels. There are cardiac rehabilitation programs for patients who have had a heart attack or have severe heart disease.

Osteoporosis:

Osteoporosis development occurs more in post-menopausal women. Physiotherapy can help prevent further bone loss and reduce the risk of bone fractures. Strengthening exercises for your bones is of utmost importance to maintain the health of osteoporotic bones. Exercise programs also include weight-bearing exercises, flexible exercises, postural and balance exercises.

Obesity:

Physiotherapy has a role in the prevention and management of obesity. There is restriction in movement due to
lack of physical inactivity. Exercise and movement play the key role in physiotherapy practice. A treatment plan for the obese patient includes personalized lifestyle advice, prescriptions, supervision, and proper physical activity to increase muscle strength, flexibility, and endurance to maintain energy output and weight loss.

Depression:

Exercise is known to benefit patients with mild to moderate mood disorders, especially anxiety and depression. While doing aerobic exercise, your body releases endorphins which are responsible for relieving pain and improving mood. These endorphins may reduce cortisol levels, which are considered elevated in depression patients. Exercise increases the level of serotonin in the same way that antidepressants work, allowing more serotonin to persist in nerve synapse. Exercise can be aerobic or resistant in nature, as both are considered beneficial in a wide variety of patients.

Urinary incontinence:

Urinary incontinence, also known as overactive bladder, is an inability to control the flow of urine. Urine leakage occurs due to weakness of the pelvic floor muscles as a result of injury, pregnancy, surgery or lack of exercise. Physiotherapy sessions include: dietary modification to avoid bladder irritation, pelvic floor exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor, methods to reduce urinary urgency and frequency.

Conditions related to pregnancy:

Lower back pain, pelvic area, rib and thoracic region, headache, neck pain and stiffness, pelvic floor muscle weakness, leg cramps, weakened abdominal muscles and bladder, wrist and hand Pain or numbness. All can also be treated with physical therapy.

Many times, the only thing you need is to prevent the onset of any kind of health problems.
Your evaluation and treatment often depends on your current condition. Whenever it is difficult to discuss these sensitive issues, understanding the onset of your symptoms and how they affect your daily life is important in directing your treatment.

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